Recent research on the COVID-19 pandemic has shown that the correlation between trust and compliance with outbreak containment measures is a lot more complex than previously thought. These findings present new challenges to policy makers, who may have to think outside of the box when crisis hits.
The presence of multiple providers of policing during an existential crisis can accelerate the pluralisation of policing and exacerbate trends of securitisation. How can multi-actor policing activities be managed in crisis situations to counterbalance this likely drift to excessive securitisation?
If COVID-19 teaches us one thing, it is that today's crises are insidious and unpredictable. This poses new challenges for public leaders, who constantly have to seek a balance between "doing too much, too soon" or "doing too little, too late".
Fragmentation is one of the least understood problems in crisis management. Failure to understand fragmentation means emergency responders are unable to mitigate critical situations in the recent terrorist attacks around Europe.